Tumour markers are made by normal cells as well as by cancer cells. These are the substances that are produced by cancer or by other cells of the body in response to cancer or certain begin conditions. These substances can be found in the blood, urine, stool, tumour tissue, or other tissues or bodily fluids of some patients with cancer.
Genetic diagnosis is used to identify or confirm the diagnosis of a disease. It is helpful in a determining the course of a disease. It can be performed before birth or at any time during a person’s life.it can influence a person’s choices about health care and management of the disorder.
Molecular diagnostics is a technique used to analyse biological markers in the genome and proteome. Molecular diagnostics detect and measure the presence of genetic material or proteins associated with a specific health condition or disease.